People often write asking where they can get more OBD information, or for help in making their
circuits, etc. The sections shown at the left provide answers to most of the common questions
that we receive.
Perhaps the most popular question of all is:
What OBD protocol does my car use?
There is a chance that your car may not use any. Not all vehicles use standard OBD (On Board Diagnostics)
protocols, so do not be surprised if yours does not. If your car is older, or from a country that
does not require OBD, then your car will likely not respond to OBD requests for data.
Some regions passed laws requiring OBDII compliance many years ago, while others have only recently
required it. It is difficult to come up with a definitive list, but here are the approximate Model Years
for when laws came into effect in each country:
- Argentina - 2008 to 2009
- Australia - 2006
- Brazil - 2007 to 2010
- Canada - 1998
- China - 2008
- European Union - 2001 for gasoline vehicles
- European Union - 2004 for diesel vehicles
- Hong Kong - 2007
- Israel - 2003
- India - 2010
- Japan - 2002
- Japan - 2008 (JOBD)
- Mexico - 2006
- USA - 1996
Cars and light duty trucks that were manufactured for sale in these regions (ie not imported), will
likely work well with our products. If your vehicle is older than this, it is likely not OBDII
compliant, even if it uses a similar looking connector. Note that large trucks and busses generally
have different requirements, and use different protocols (usually SAE J1708 or SAE J1939).
We are not referring to them in this discussion.
Vehicles that comply with the OBDII standards will have a data connector within about one meter of
the driver's position. Check the owner's manual for information on its location as newer manuals
often provide this information. In most cases, it will be in plain sight at the bottom of the
dashboard, but occasionally it will have a cover that needs to be removed, or moved sideways (there
are a few vehicles that have the connector behind a panel in the centre of the dashboard).
The OBD connector is officially called an SAE J1962 Diagnostic Connector, but is also known by
DLC, OBD Port, or OBD connector. It has positions for 16 pins, and looks like this:
Be careful, as many vehicles that do not comply with the OBDII standards do occasionally use the
J1962 type connector for data, but do not use an OBDII protocol. These may appear as if they should
work, but they will not (and you may cause damage to the circuits if you connect the wrong voltages
Locate this connector in your vehicle and determine if wires are in pins 2, 6, 7, 10, 14 or 15. Once
you know which pins are used and which are not, then determine which standard applies to you using
the following table:
|Pin 2||Pin 6||Pin 7||Pin 10||Pin 14||Pin 15||Standard||Use
|must have||-||-||must have||-||-||J1850 PWM||ELM320
|must have||-||-||-||-||-||J1850 VPW||ELM322
|-||-||must have||-||-||may have*||ISO9141-2|
|-||must have||-||-||must have||-||ISO15765-4|
* not all ISO9141 or ISO14230 vehicles use pin 15 (the 'L' line)
The above should be considered a good guideline. The presence or absence of wires in the connector
is not an absolute indication though, as only your vehicle manufacturer can say for sure which
standards the vehicle was built to.
Typically, one finds that the manufacturers use the following standards:
|Acura|| || ||X|| |
|New Acuras|| || || ||X|
|Chrysler|| ||X||X|| |
|New Chryslers|| || || ||X|
|Ford||X|| || || |
|New Fords|| || || ||X|
|General Motors|| ||X|| || |
|New GMs|| || || ||X|
|Honda|| || ||X|| |
|Saturn|| ||X|| || |
|Subaru|| || ||X|| |
|Suzuki|| || ||X|| |
|Toyota|| || ||X|| |
|New Toyotas|| || || ||X|
|Volkswagen|| || ||X|| |
As of the 2005 model year, several North American vehicles had migrated to the ISO 15765-4 (CAN)
interface standard, so many of the above entries only apply to 2004 or older vehicles.
Beginning with the 2008 model year, North American vehicles were all required to use ISO 15765-4 (CAN).
©2012 Elm Electronics